BRANZ & Building Beyond Code Minimums

… ‘these ‘bare minimum’ houses are the poorest performing homes that can legally be built’ – BRANZ referring to Minimum Code Build Homes.


We have always supported building beyond the minimum build code and this latest report from BRANZ contains some interesting points worth sharing.

The New Zealand building code sets out performance criteria that all building work must comply with.  However, many people are not aware of the fact that this is the minimum level at which homes must comply which does not necessarily mean it is healthy or a comfortable place to live.  Plus, the fact remains that our code is well below many other similar countries.


The latest BRANZ report states that, ‘Available evidence suggests that a majority of new houses are constructed to comply with these minimum requirements but only a few go higher’.  The report explains that ‘these ‘bare minimum’ houses are the poorest performing homes that can legally be built’, and that ‘many of the minimums are low compared to those in other developed countries such as Australia, many European states and the UK’.

Image: Structural Insulated Panels for superior insulation and contributes towards effective air tightness.


The report found that whilst going beyond the code may have higher upfront costs, lower running costs can recoup the additional cost within a reasonable time frame.  It further suggested that because of the traditional focus solely on upfront costs and what can be seen (i.e large living areas and attractive joinery) there needs to be more education on performance benefits to health and well being and the recuperation of any additional upfront costs over time.

BRANZ suggests that alternatives to the minimum building code should be considered that may ‘result in better building performance’.





  Image: No. of days per year the main living room temperatures are below 12C when not using active heating in a sample of Christchurch houses in 2016.


Their research found that many new houses were cold inside for the equivalent of several months over a year when not actively heated.  Computer modelling of a sample of Christchurch homes consented in 2016 found that the mean indoor temperature dropped below 12oC for 116 days.







Image: A healthy, warm energy efficient passive house.

It is great to see that many of the strategies suggested in the report are all incorporated into our passive house and energy efficient design options, which includes high levels of insulation, air tightness, better performing windows, thermal bridge management and ventilation – adding that ’Balanced Ventilation Units with heat recovery (MHRVs) is the preferred option in an airtight home’.


The report infers that the principles above create the best outcomes when considered together in the early design stages.  We refer to this big picture consideration as a comprehensive design package.  All factors designed and built to work to support each other, and not to create unacceptable cause and effect issues.  Through consideration of all factors and how they work together you can create a healthy comfortable living environment alongside energy efficiency.


Reference: BRANZ BULLETIN Issue 650 – Building Beyond Code Minimums – June 2020

Check out our earlier blogs on air tightness and ventilation to find out more about how a comprehensive package of factors works to support a healthy comfortable and energy efficient home.